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Download Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States by Vjekoslav Perica PDF

By Vjekoslav Perica

Reporting from the heartland of Yugoslavia within the Seventies, Washington publish correspondent Dusko Doder defined "a panorama of Gothic spires, Islamic mosques, and Byzantine domes." 1 / 4 century later, this panorama lay in ruins. as well as claiming tens of hundreds of thousands of lives, the previous Yugoslavia's 4 wars ravaged over 1000 spiritual structures, many purposefully destroyed via Serbs, Albanians, and Croats alike, offering an apt architectural metaphor for the region's contemporary background. hardly has the human impulse towards monocausality--the want for a unmarried explanation--been in larger proof than in Western makes an attempt to make experience of the country's bloody dissolution. From Robert Kaplan's arguable Balkan Ghosts, which pointed out entrenched ethnic hatreds because the motive force in the back of Yugoslavia's death to NATO's dogged pursuit and arrest of Slobodan Milosevic, the hunt for simple solutions has often served to vague the Balkans' advanced historical past. maybe so much unusually, no e-book has targeted explicitly at the function faith has performed within the conflicts that proceed to torment southeastern Europe. in keeping with a variety of South Slav assets and formerly unpublished, frequently exclusive records from communist country records, in addition to at the author's personal on-the-ground adventure, Balkan Idols explores the political position and effect of Serbian Orthodox, Croatian Catholic, and Yugoslav Muslim non secular corporations over the process the final century. Vjekoslav Perica emphatically rejects the suggestion "clash of civilizations" has performed a relevant function in fomenting aggression. He unearths no compelling facts of an upsurge in spiritual fervor one of the common inhabitants. really, he concludes, the first non secular gamers within the conflicts were activist clergy. This activism, Perica argues, allowed the clergy to imagine political energy with out the responsibility confronted via democratically-elected officers. What emerges from Perica's account is a deeply nuanced figuring out of the background and bothered way forward for certainly one of Europes such a lot risky areas.

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Catholic Croats and Orthodox Serbs were called on for cooperation and possible unification in a South Slav federation by the eminent Austrian philanthropist and church leader of Croatian descent, Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer (1815–1905). Strossmayer sympathized with Pan-Slavism, as did his precursor, the Croat Jesuit theologian Juraj Krizˇanic´ (1618–83), and both prelates considered the rapprochement between Roman Catholicism and the Orthodox church a key precondition for the fulfilment of Pan-Slavic ideals.

Serb and Jewish cultural and other institutions in the NDH had to be destroyed. Consequently, the Serbian Orthodox Church in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina lost 217 priests and 3 bishops, killed by the Ustasˇas, and 334 priests, expelled to Serbia. ” Concurrently, the Ustasˇas carried out massacres and deportations of Jews and (Gypsies) people.

Sacred landmarks, as border guards and visible material cultural markers, were built for millennia by various empires, native regimes, and foreign invaders. ”7 The local groups, however, know well who is who. “The ethnic group is defined by exclusion,” John Armstrong points out, and he emphasizes that “one ethnic group often constituted an antithetical duality with the opposed ethnic group. . ”8 The age of modern nations expanded the function of preserved ancient sacred symbols as material evidence of a the nation’s long tradition and continuity.

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