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By Laura Svetaz, Marcos Derita, Ma. Victoria Rodríguez, Agustina Postigo (auth.), Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh, Mahendra Rai (eds.)

The target of this e-book is to supply crucial details at the use of alternative medicinal crops and their secondary metabolites for the therapy of assorted fungal ailments affecting humans, animals and vegetation. it's divided in 4 components: half I examines the worldwide distribution of plant-derived antifungal compounds, half II bargains with antifungal actions of plant metabolites, half III comprises crops utilized in Ayurveda and conventional platforms for treating fungal ailments, and half IV discusses using plant-derived items to guard vegetation opposed to fungal diseases.

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11 Uruguay A screening of ten Uruguayan medicinal plants against C. albicans and S. cerevisiae was performed with agar diffusion methods (Alonso Paz et al. 1995). 4 Conclusions Latin American constitutes one of the planet areas richest in biodiversity. Some efforts have been made to screen plants of the whole region and of each country but, compared to the great vegetal diversity of this region, they are insignificant. The amount of studies in each country is not correlated with its biodiversity.

2011) Reference 38 M. Razzaghi-Abyaneh et al. Family Common name (place of collection) Spearmint (Yazd) Spearmint (DamavandTehran) –(Kashan-Isfahan) Oraman’s tulip (Kermanshah) Species Mentha spicata Mentha piperita Stachys inflata Benth. Hymenocrater longiflorus Benth. 45 % of the oil) Methanolic extract Essential oil A. niger 125-500 lg/ml 250 lg/ml only for C. albicans-MICs 240–480 lg/ml-MICs C. albicans C. albicans C2 ll/ml-MLC No effect 250–500 lg/ml C. 3 %) A. flavus A. parasiticus F. oxysporum f.

2009) Omranpour et al. (2011) Omranpour et al. (2011) Bahraminejad et al. (2011) Razzaghi-Abyaneh et al. (2009) 1,000 lg/ml-IC50 A. parasiticus Naeini et al. (2009) Ghasemi-Pirbalouti et al. (2009) Omranpour et al. (2011) 2,300 lg/ml-MIC C. albicans 10–55 lg/disk inhibition C. albicans zone of 6–7 mm 50 ppm-MFC A. candida Reference Omranpour et al. (2011) F. oxysporum Affected fungi C. sativus A. 5 %) Aqueous extract Methanolic extract Essential oil Aqueous extract Methanolic extract Effective component (s) 2 Antifungal Plants of Iran 43 44 M.

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