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Download Ancient Meteorology by Liba Taub PDF

By Liba Taub

В книге рассматриваются греческий и римский подходы и отношение к этой широкой дисциплине, которая в классический период включала не только "погоду", но и явления типа землетрясений или комет, которые сегодня были бы расценены как геологический, астрономический или сейсмологический фактор.
Учитывая господство сельского хозяйства в древнем обществе, не удивительно, что так много было написано о предсказаниях и объяснениях погоды, и о том, как противостоять против капризов и жестокости погоды и как добиться её расположения. Но изучение метеорологии в древности было не только практическим вопросом. Поэты, философы и врачи были также интересовались метеорологией, излагая важные вопросы о природе мира, или, иными словами, о единстве космических явлений, а также об отношениях между метеорологией и божественным.
Автор анализирует различные древние тексты, в которых встречаются метеорологические или научные идеи: от эпоса Гомера и дидактической поэзии Гесиода, Арата и Лукреция – до работ, типа «Метеорологии» Аристотеля и трактатов Гиппократа и Сенеки.Образцы сканов:

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110 Clearly, according to Columella, the farmer has rather different concerns from the astronomer, and so need not abide by a fixed astronomical calendar. Here, the suggestion is that, while astronomically based almanacs may be useful for farmers, the good husbandman cannot rely on them blindly. 225) that clothing merchants relied on astronomical predictions, noting that retailers used a study of the stars to help set prices for the coming season. 112 So strong practical interests may have motivated some astrometeorological predictions.

104 This linking together of the celestial and terrestrial into a harmonious universe made possible one tradition of predicting meteorological events. For some ancient authors, astrometeorology depended quite literally upon the harmony of the cosmos. Weather signs There is a question that should be raised regarding the relationship between the ‘signs’ of weather and the ‘causes’ of weather. Did those who compiled and referred to the astrometeorological parape¯gmata regard the association of particular risings and settings with specific weather conditions as coincidental or correlated?

Such omens were important in political, military and agricultural affairs, and were consulted by advisers to the Assyrian kings. About 7,000 omens were collected in seventy cuneiform tablets; these include lunar, solar and meteorological, as well as stellar (and planetary) omens. ’3 From the eighth or seventh century BCE until the first century, scribes were engaged in nightly observations of the sky; they recorded the dates and locations of the ominous phenomena of the moon and planets with reference to the stars and constellations.

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