By Titu Cusi Yupanqui, Ralph Bauer
On hand in English for the 1st time, An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru is a firsthand account of the Spanish invasion, narrated in 1570 by way of Diego de Castro Titu Cusi Yupanqui—the penultimate ruler of the Inca dynasty—to a Spanish missionary and transcribed through Titu Cusi's mestizo secretary.
Titu Cusi tells of his father's maltreatment by the hands of the Spaniards; his father's resulting army campaigns, withdrawal and homicide; and his personal succession as ruler. This brilliant narrative illuminates the Incan view of the Spanish invaders and provides a major account of local peoples' resistance, lodging, swap, and survival within the face of the Spanish conquest.
Ralph Bauer's amazing translation, annotations, and advent supply severe context and historical past for an entire figuring out of Titu Cusi's occasions and the importance of his phrases. Co-winner of the 2005 Colorado Endowment for the arts booklet Prize.
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Extra info for An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru
It is therefore not parallel to the European “queen,” who depended either on being the wedded wife of a king or on inheriting rule from a father (Julien, 35). Thus, by “commoners” Titu Cusi most likely meant that their mothers were ethnically Inca but not coya. ” Nor does he tell us anything or make any claims about his own mother, except that she was in Cuzco with him while he was in Spanish custody and that she was brought to Vilcabamba with him after both had been abducted by Manco Inca’s messengers.
Sarmiento’s claims in these matters, however, must be taken with a grain of salt. He wrote in 1572 on commission of Viceroy Toledo, who had his own political agenda in trying to make a case not only that the Incas were usurping and tyrannical upstarts (and therefore not “natural lords” of Peru) but also that the last “legitimate” ruler of the dynasty had been Huascar—who had, conveniently, died on orders of his brother before ever meeting any Spaniard faceto-face. This claim implied, of course, that the Spaniards had not usurped rulership from a natural lord of Tahuantinsuyu but merely filled a void that already existed upon their arrival, hereby justifying Toledo’s order to have the last Inca ruler, Topa Amaru, executed.
136). Formally, the text is divided into three distinct major sections: (1) a short introductory part explicitly addressed to Lope García de Castro, the departing governor of Peru, with Titu Cusi’s request (instrucción) to present his text to King Philip II; (2) Titu Cusi’s historical account (relación) of the Spanish Conquest of Peru, his father’s maltreatment at the hands of the conquerors, the ensuing military conflicts, his father’s withdrawal to Vilcabamba, his eventual murder there, and Titu Cusi’s own succession as Inca, as well as his conversion to Christianity, leading up to the production of the manuscript; and (3) a power of attorney (poder) in which Titu Cusi authorizes García de Castro to represent him legally in the courts of Spain in any matter pertaining to his interests, title, or possessions.