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By H. Ruthenberg

In quantity 2 of the "Afrika-Studien" an appraisal of the rural improvement coverage in Tanganyika (now Tanzania) from 1950 to 1963 used to be made. This document is a continuation of the paintings in East Africa, with the emphasis mendacity on a tentative quantitative evaluation of prices and advantages of smallholder improvement. There are few international locations in Africa south of the Sahara the place as many and as numerous measures for the merchandising of small­ holder farming were attempted as constantly and intensively as in Kenya. specifically the "Swynnerton Plan" resulted in the employment of considerable sums in African farming. many of the ways were hugely good fortune­ ful, others now not. it's the function of this report back to tell approximately goals and associations, tools and problems, expenditures and merits. Prof. Dr. EMIL WOERMANN Institut fiir landwirtschaftliche Betriebs- und Landarbeitslehre, Gottingen Acknowledgements As ordinary with reviews of this nature, my major debt is to quite a few smallholders, settlers, scheme managers, Agricultural officials and Instruc­ tors who so willingly mentioned their issues of me and therefore supplied the knowledge on which this document is predicated. i'm such a lot thankful for the aid rendered by way of a number of the Departments of the Kenya executive. A debt of gratitude is owed really to the Fritz Thyssen beginning, Cologne, which supplied the money and to the Ifo-Institute, Munich, which supplies the institutional framework for German financial learn paintings in East Africa. most beneficial suggestion and feedback used to be given by way of Mr. ]. D.

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Extra info for African Agricultural Production Development Policy in Kenya 1952–1965

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The nurseries and factories were handed over to coffee growers' co-operatives whim were supervised by the Cooperative Officer. In order to obtain a licence the grower had to satisfy certain demands of the Department of Agriculture. - The Agricultural Instructor would site the cash crop area on the holding and peg out the contour holes, the spacing, and the number of trees. - The grower must maintain a sufficient acreage of mulching grass. The agricultural Instructor would indicate where the mulching grass should be planted.

4 At 45 cts/lb. 5 Sales minus other expenses. The accounting profit indicates the labour lUcome created by the activity. Source: Farm Econmic Unit: Some Economic Aspects of Agricultural Development in Nyeri District, 1962. Nakuru 1964. - Ditto: Economic Investigations of Farming in Nyeri District, 1963-64. Preliminary Results. Nyeri 1964, Mimeo. 1 2 complementary innovations was propagated as a unit. Thus cash crop planting was, as a matter of principle, put together with row-planting, terracing, mulching, fertilizing, etc.

Some of the better farmers in Nyeri and in Elgeyo-Marakwet have become settlers or bought large farms in the former White Highlands. As a result of cash crop farming on smallholdings, they have gained at least some experience 1 There were 6,250 more families than land units in Nyeri in 1962. This figure corresponds rather closely with the estimate above. According to BARBER the employment effect of smallholder development in Nyeri District has not been as high as originally expected. It is certainly true that so far only a fraction of the land is as intensively used as is economically advisable, i.

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