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By Robert J. Alexander

Bolivia was once the heart level for the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20th century, one who happened amid a sea of super political instability. the growth of prepared hard work that happened in the course of the Nineteen Twenties was once met with a number of govt reprisals and used to be principally curbed by way of the Chaco warfare with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the hard work stream came across aid in numerous political events, the main winning of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the striking upheavals which punctuated Bolivian heritage in the course of the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the beautiful background of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia used to be the guts level for the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, one who happened amid a sea of super political instability. the growth of prepared exertions that happened in the course of the Twenties was once met with quite a few executive reprisals and used to be mostly curbed by way of the Chaco conflict with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the exertions circulation stumbled on aid in different political events, the main profitable of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the notable upheavals which punctuated Bolivian heritage throughout the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's hard work unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the desirable background of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the exertions move advanced within the framework of a number of political alterations, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which all started in December 1943 and lasted in basic terms and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which all started on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the innovative regime in November 1964

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It consisted of Bolivian workers employed on the La Paz-Arica Railroad and w a s established in 1920. At the end of t h a t year it supported a strike by the workers on the Chilean end of the line. It was not very successful in rallying support for t h a t strike among other Bolivian workers' groups. 6 2 ATTEMPTS TO ORGANIZE A NATIONAL LABOR CONFEDERATION IN THE 1920s Several attempts were made during the decade before t h e Chaco War to establish a national labor confederation. These bore relatively little fruit.

1 1 The Falange never had any significance in the organized labor movement. POLITICS FROM VILLARROEL TO THE BOLIVIAN NATIONAL REVOLUTION The P e n a r a n d a government w a s overthrown by a coup in December 1943, carried out by young army officers a n d the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, installing into the presidency Major Gualberto Villarroel. The Villarroel regime w a s most notable from organized labor's print of view because of its encouragement of the unions, particularly the miners' organization, a n d because of the tentative overtures it made toward the Indian peasantry.

4 9 The last labor party to appear in La Paz was a new Partido Socialista, formed on December 3 1 , 1930. There developed a quarrel between pro-Communist elements a n d their opponents within this organization. The pro-Communists were expelled. However, this new Socialist party w a s destroyed with the onslaught of the Chaco War. 5 0 Finally, mention should be made of the Partido Socialista Revolucionario. Formed in 1929, this party, unlike the others we have been discussing, was illegal. However, it carried on a vigoro u s campaign against the Siles government and against the threat of war with Paraguay.

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