Behavioral Sciences

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By Edward Erwin

More than a century has handed when you consider that Sigmund Freud begun his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there's no consensus approximately his legacy; as an alternative there's chronic war of words not just approximately Freud's recognition and position in heritage yet in regards to the right criteria to exploit in comparing his conception and therapy.

This publication develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and gives a entire assessment of, and doubtless ultimate, verdict on Freud's conception and remedy. in contrast to the other overview released so far, it includes a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental facts and the correct criteria for reading the evidence.

Part I considers the view that Freud's conception can be judged through unique evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues by contrast view and for the employment of criteria appropriate to causal hypotheses of either the average and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different matters approximately criteria similar to the necessity for experimental facts, using placebo controls, the right kind ambitions of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in reading consequence data.

The criteria constructed partly I of the ebook are utilized in half II in comparing the easiest to be had Freudian evidence.

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Extra info for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology

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First, we need observational data about the subject, something to which we apply our understanding from within. After we ªgure out how to make sense of someone’s behavior, however, how do we tell if our explanation is correct? Suppose, for example, that we know a good deal about a friend’s personal problems and we try to understand it in Freudian terms, but his or her analyst has a conºicting interpretation. How do we tell which one is correct? The analyst may have more extensive data, but suppose that another analyst looks at the same data, and reaches a different conclusion.

He presents two versions of that pattern and claims that both are valid. His second version, however, does not contain a premise and conclusion (it consists of a single statement). For that reason, I will examine only the ªrst (176): Abductive premise: It is surprising that S’s (= the woman’s) behavior manifests features F1, F2. . Fn. Abductive premise: It is unlikely (= not to be expected) that S’s behavior should show so many features F1, F2. Fn that could derive from M without being so derived.

For a further discussion of the connection between commonsense psychology and Freudian psychology, see chapter 3, pp. ) A third point concerns the appropriateness of using certain rigorous standards that, for practical or moral reasons, cannot be satisªed in certain areas of inquiry. For example, many analysts would consider it inappropriate to demand experimental evidence for conªrming the interpretation of a single dream of a single patient. It would be inappropriate, so the argument runs, because it is simply not feasible to do such an experiment.

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